We have three times less water per capita than the average European. Rational management is a necessity. Among other things, it is served by investments, such as a canal retention project or the construction of retention reservoirs – Polish Waters President Przemysław Daca told PAP.
On Thursday, the Chief of Polish Waters took part in a cruise on the Vistula River, organized in the middle reaches of the river by the Brotherhood of Scout Bandera of Maszewo Duży (Mazowieckie Province), which travels the route from Sandomierz to Płock on a rapid.
“Undoubtedly we have a hydrological drought, we have low water on our rivers, ie low water levels. In general, it is a problem due to high temperatures, statistically higher than many years, which cause more evaporation and thus water out escaped us” – Daca told PAP. As he noted, the current situation in Poland, related to drought, is also the effect of changing the structure of the precipitation.
“From a hydrological point of view, the most advantageous are prolonged rains, not very intense and on a large surface. Unfortunately, there are not too many of them. However, we have heavy torrential rains, often associated with storms. ie on paved, paved areas “- explains Daca.
The President of Polish Waters pointed out that we are currently holding about 7 percent. the average annual water discharge in the country, and we need at least 15 percent. “The most important thing is public awareness. We need to know that we have three times less water per capita than the average European” – he stressed, adding that this situation necessitates rational water management.
Daca recalled that in 2020, in connection with the then two-year extreme drought, Polish waters have prepared a strategic project – “Stop drought”, which is concerned with countering its effects. EU funds were used and research centers were involved at the same time. As part of the project, in addition to ongoing monitoring, educational activities are also carried out including: among farmers on how to adapt crops or manage the soil to keep it well hydrated.
“We also have an investment section. We also have a canal retention project underway from 2020 that reverses the drainage function. The idea is that the infrastructure that used to be drained should now be used for irrigation,” explains Daca. As he said, Polish waters has allocated 160 million PLN from its own resources.
“In general, we have rebuilt weirs, gates, devices for damming water on small streams, drainage channels in the agricultural interiors to distribute this water to the fields. This brings very large, positive effects,” he emphasized. At the same time, he assured that this project would be continued thanks to funds from the Rural Development Program (RDP). “We are already in talks with the Ministry of Agriculture about this,” he added.
As the president of Polish waters noted, retention in our country has not really increased for decades. “In recent years we have increased it from 6.5 to 7 percent, and it is in agricultural areas, through the canal preservation project. At the moment we have 4,000 such facilities all over Poland and we will continue to duplicate it. 600 million PLN from RDP and this will be further activities aimed at significantly increasing channel retention,” said Daca.
The head of Polish waters also pointed out that in order to counteract the effects of drought, it is necessary to build retention reservoirs, especially multifunctional reservoirs. “They were not built in the past – it was easiest to build dry polders. But a long-term program for the construction of retention reservoirs for almost 10 billion PLN has already been prepared,” explains Daca. He also admitted that in addition to new investments, it is also necessary to revitalize existing infrastructure and remove silt, as is the case with the so-called Van de Rzeszów lagoon.
“The tendencies of weather changes are in the direction that we will still have torrential rains. And if they do, and if they drain quickly, even after the so-called concrete treatment, we must learn to use this water simply and to collect it, on every possible way. “- emphasized the President of Polish Waters. (DAD)
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