Świebodzice (Lower Silesia) – what to see? (project “Cities that stand against a wall”)

Świebodzice (not to be confused with Świebodzin) is located in the province of Lower Silesia near Wałbrzych. I visited them as part of from the project “Cities stand with a wall”and the city made a positive impression on me. Next to the walls there is an atmospheric market and several other interesting monuments. I invite you to the guide to the attractions of Świebodzice.

I visited Świebodzice in May 2022 during a trip around Lower Silesia, where I also saw Bystrzyca KlodzkaStrzegom, Ziębice and Grodków, and if you’re in the area it’s worth a visit too Walbrzych, Prince and widnica. I had planned my visit to Świebodzice for a long time, when about 2 years ago I saw a very nice market presented in the drone photo.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

The most important information about Świebodzice

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

The history of Świebodzice goes back to 1203, when it was mentioned during the development of the castle in Książ. The city received city rights from Prince Hendrik Probus in 1279. After more than 30 years, Świebodzice lost its city privilege for 27 years in 1310, which was later restored by Bolek II Mały. In the 14th century, the city was given the privilege of minting its own currency.

The Thirty Years’ War in the 17th century took its toll, causing countless looting, epidemics and destruction. In 1774, Świebodzice was consumed by the most terrible fire in the city’s history, which took several decades to rebuild the city.

In the nineteenth century, Świebodzice developed strongly, partly thanks to the opening of a railway to Wrocław. In the middle of the same century, a watchmaker was established in the town by Gustav Becker, who later opened a world-famous clock factory bearing his name. Jan Mikulicz-Radecki, a respected and distinguished surgeon, also lived in Świebodzice (in Pełcznica to be precise).

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

The most interesting attractions in Swiebodzice

The city walls in Świebodzice surprised me very positively, because I did not expect such condition and length. It is not known exactly when the city fortifications were built, it could have happened in the second half of the fourteenth century or in the first half of the fifteenth century. I have not found the original length anywhere, but measurements on Google Maps show that the length of the walls must have been more than 900 meters. About 70-80% of its original length has been preserved to this day.

The city had three city gates. On the east side were the Świdnicka and Strzegomska (lower) gates, and on the west there was the Bolkow gate (upper), but none of them have survived to this day. There was probably a castle near the Świdnica Gate.

At the end of the nineteenth century, the demolition of the walls began, although the first assembly took place at the beginning of the same century, when Napoleon Bonaparte’s troops invaded the city.

The best preserved fragments of the walls are in the southern part of the city on Piłsudskiego Street. Longer fragments can also be found in the northern part near Krasickiego. Many parts of the fortifications can be found at the rear of the property.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

The market square in Świebodzice is located in the central part of the old town and measures approximately 95 by 65 meters. In the central part there is a classicist town hall built in the second half of the 18th century after the great fire of 1774.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

St. Nicholas is located in the old town, southeast of the market square. It was built in the 13th century and the temple was rebuilt in later years. In 1774 a fire completely destroyed the town and in 1810 the church was rebuilt. Inside there is a chandelier from 1700 and the furniture of the church is from the renaissance and baroque. Inside the temple is a crypt of the Hochbergs who owned Książ Castle.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Classicist Church of Saints Peter and Paul is located on Prusa in the old town. It was built in the second half of the 18th century as an evangelical church, but is now a Catholic church.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

St. Francis is located north of the old town. It was built in the first half of the 13th century as a Romanesque temple and later rebuilt in Gothic style. Inside there is a Gothic sacramentary from the middle of the fourteenth century and the main altar from the seventeenth century. Also worth mentioning are the paintings from the Middle Ages discovered in the 20th century.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

St. Anna, or rather its ruins, are located in Pełcznica (city district). The Romanesque-style temple was most likely built in the early 12th and 13th centuries, and was rebuilt in the Gothic style in the early 14th and 15th centuries. According to legend, it was destroyed by a fire caused by a lightning strike.

In the Ciernie district there are ruins of the Widow’s Palace from the 18th century. The palace was supposed to be built for Luise Henriette Karoline von Hochberg (wife of Heinrich Ludwig Karl von Hochberg), but unfortunately the husband died shortly after construction of the palace began. In the end, only two floors were built. The facility was intended for widows, hence the name. Another name is the palace in Ciernie. It is not possible to enter.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

At 8 Mickiewicza Street in Świebodzice is a nursing home, occupying the interior of the Seidl Palace, built in the 19th century in an eclectic style. The aforementioned DPS is run by the Congregation of the Sisters of Notre Dame, and visiting the palace is virtually impossible.

In the past there was an orphanage and a field hospital.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

In Świebodzice there are also the ruins of a palace, which is located in the city park. The palace was built by the family of Count Ernst Hugo Kramst, who started the construction of the aforementioned Seidl Palace. The Neo-Renaissance building was built in the second half of the 19th century. Since the 1990s, abandoned began to fall into disrepair.

Świebodzice (Lower Silesia)

It is also worth adding that Świebodzice is adjacent to Książ, and at 44-46 Wałbrzyska Street there is an entrance gate and two buildings from the 19th century belonging to the castle complex.

As you can see Świebodzice is quite an interesting city. Once you get there, it’s worth walking the streets. You can do this by visiting Castle in Książ.

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Thank you very much 🙂

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