Packed in granules. For many, this biomass has become too expensive

A year ago you could buy pellets for PLN 1,000. Now for PLN 2,500

It is estimated that about 400,000 people are heated with pellets in Poland. houses. One is the house of Mr. Jan from Wodzisław, who decided a few years ago, after the anti-smog resolution came into effect, to replace the smog with an ecological pellet boiler. He was particularly impressed by the cleanliness of the fuel and the virtually no ash and dust in the boiler room. Every year he bought about 5 tons of pellets – Last year, along with transport, I paid just over 5,000. zloty. Just for the pellets, a thousand. PLN per ton – he explains. A few days ago, in the same warehouse as always – in Żory – he bought only 4 tons of pellets. – Tona left me 2450 zlotys. I paid 10,000 with transportation. zloty. If I had bought it a month earlier, I would have paid 200 PLN less per ton, but I hesitated because I hoped it would eventually become cheaper. The warehouse told me that if I hesitated, I might soon run out of pellets at all — he says. He doesn’t know if four tons is enough for the winter. Ie he says briefly: – They will have to do it.

People can’t afford the right amount of fuel

Many pellet boiler users will not even buy these four tons. Because they can’t afford it. In addition, many pellet outlets simply lack this fuel. You can try buying on popular auction sites. Only prices here start at PLN 2600-2700/ton of good quality pellets. Without transport. – This year I might buy a ton of pellets. I just can’t afford more. Fortunately, I still have an old wood-fired kitchen at home, which I have not locked. They will warm themselves with wood – says Mrs. Wanda, who lives in one of the districts of Wodzisław. She lives alone. A few years ago, her relatives persuaded her to buy a pellet kettle. As she says, given her age, it would be the most convenient solution for her. Gas would be more convenient, but there is no gas network under the house. Hence the decision to pellet.

Many compatriots found themselves in a similar situation. Why is pellet so much more expensive and why is it missing? explains that when the war broke out in Ukraine, wood pellets disappeared from the market. Because it was bought and the warehouses were completely empty of supplies. Polish pellet producers mainly produce it for export to Western Europe, where they get much higher rates for high quality wood pellets than in Poland. As a result, about 80% of our production goes abroad. In addition, until the outbreak of the war, our market was supplied with pellets from Belarus and to a lesser extent from Ukraine. Now the foreign grain is missing precisely because of the situation with our eastern neighbours.

Lower VAT on pellets

As a result of all this, the price of the pellets almost doubled. In addition, it has a VAT rate of 23% – the highest in Europe, while in most EU countries it is subject to a VAT rate of 8% and in Germany 19%. The battle for a tariff cut has been going on in Poland for years. Recently, at the beginning of June, the Polish Pellet Council appealed to Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki: “(…) lack of support and promotion by public authorities in promoting Polish class 5 heaters for solid biofuels, as well as solid biofuels in the form of wood pellets, wood briquettes or lump wood.

The current VAT cuts as part of anti-inflation measures only affected fossil fuels (natural gas, coal), while completely disregarding renewable energy sources in the form of solid biofuels (e.g. wood pellets, wood briquettes, lump wood) Polish for almost 10 years . Specialty and export hit for the whole European Union.” – the Polish Pellet Council wrote to the Prime Minister. So far, the appeal has gone without positive response.

It is true that coal, especially eco pea coal, is currently even more expensive than pellets. And it was always a lot cheaper. It’s just that it also has a lot more calories. The calorific value of energy coal from Polish mines is usually in the range of 24-28 MJ / kg. The calorific value of pellets, depending on the type, is usually 16-19 MJ/kg. This means that much more pellets are needed to heat the house than coal. The price will be comparable or more expensive. Owners of coal-fired houses will soon be able to count on subsidies. Those who heat their homes with pellets – no, at least we haven’t heard of it yet. As they claim, their fuel is cleaner than coal.

Note on “bargains”

Problems with pricing and availability of pellets encourage homeowners that use this fuel to try and save them themselves. For example by purchasing sunflower pellets. However, pellets, which are made from sunflower husks, are not suitable for individual boilers that are not adapted to such a raw material. Sunflower husk is mainly used in the energy sector. Although sunflower pellets are much cheaper (even PLN 1,200 / ton), if we use them in a boiler not adapted to this type of pellet, we risk damaging the device, often worth several thousand zlotys. The national media also warn of other “occasions” where pellets cost half the price. For example, you have to take him to the border with Belarus or Ukraine. Or someone orders a prepayment, and then pellets are not heard or heard. Recently, the portal described a case of a resident of the Rycki (Lubelskie) poviat, who bought pellets from Ukraine on the Internet because it was offered at a very attractive price. The 41-year-old occasionally paid 1,250 PLN / ton. After a transfer to the online “supplier” account, it disappeared in a fog.


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