What vaccinations are needed for exotic travel?

Poles are increasingly opting for exotic trips to distant places instead of holidays in the country. A trip abroad should always be well prepared, not only by looking at the local offer of tourist attractions, but also by checking the required prevention of infectious diseases. It is worth remembering that it is impossible to enter some countries without the current required vaccinations, and in others vaccinations are optional.

Exotic travel is a promise of unforgettable views, guaranteed weather and exciting adventures. More and more Poles decide to travel to Africa, South America or Asia. In order for the whole trip to end safely, it is always worth checking which vaccinations are required or recommended in the selected country. Where can you find out?

Doctor travel medicine

You should consult a doctor who specializes in travel medicine 6 to 8 weeks before the planned departure to an exotic country. It could be specialist in marine and tropical medicine, transport medicine or any other specialty related to travel medicine. Most provincial towns have tropical disease clinics that provide the necessary information. Why do you have to do this so much sooner? Because such a period is necessary for the implementation of vaccinations.

You should bring your childhood vaccination card with you to your appointment as some vaccinations may still be valid or just need a booster dose.

Up-to-date information about vaccinations can also be found on the website of the Head of the Sanitary Inspectorate. In the case of package tours, it is the tour operator or travel agent who must inform the customer about the health requirements and special threats to life and health in the selected area to which he will travel, before concluding the contract.

Mandatory vaccinations

Mandatory vaccinations are especially necessary when traveling to African countries. If you plan to travel to Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, the Central African Republic, Burundi, Uganda, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone, Togo, Ivory Coast or French Guiana, must have current yellow vaccine fever (fever).

If you are traveling to Saudi Arabia, Armenia, Libya or Gambia, you will need the meningococcal vaccine (A+C).

If you go to Gabon, you will need a diphtheria and tetanus vaccine.

Vaccinations recommended

No compulsory vaccinations are required for planned trips to countries other than those mentioned above. However, it is recommended that you are vaccinated against hepatitis A and B, yellow fever, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, typhoid, polio, cholera, meningococcal infection, rabies, Japanese encephalitis and tick-borne encephalitis before traveling to Asia.

Before traveling to South American countries, it is worth considering vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria, yellow fever, hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, Heine-Medin disease, and rabies.

Departure to African countries other than those specified in the mandatory vaccinations must be preceded by vaccination against hepatitis A and B, typhoid, cholera and Heine-Medina disease.

What to remember before you travel?

Always remember to bring your international vaccination booklet with you before going on an exotic tripif you have one, do the necessary tests – in the case of people with chronic diseases, prepare medicines to take – especially those that are taken daily, preventive against malaria and prevention of insect-borne diseases in tropical countries . In addition, it pays to take out travel insurance and to check its scope carefully, so that you do not have to worry about high costs of on-site treatment in case of health problems.

Basic hygiene rules must be followed when travelling – wash your hands regularly, rinse your mouth only with bottled or treated water, eat processed foods (boiled or fried) and peel fresh fruits and vegetables. It is better not to use ice in drinks and to drink only boiled or prepackaged water. In this way, the risk of contracting exotic diseases is reduced.

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