Poland filled in a bottle. People will burn with grain or counterfeit pellets

Poles are not only looking for cheaper coal on the market (the price per ton is currently between PLN 2.5 thousand and PLN 3 thousand, but it is still hard to get), but also pellets, which heats at least 400 thousand. households and many local government facilities.

Wood pellets disappeared from the market already at the outbreak of the war in Ukraine – it was bought out, warehouses were completely emptied of supplies. Polish pellet producers mainly produce it for export to Western Europewhere they get much higher rates for high quality wood pellets than in Poland (about 80 percent production is exported from the country).

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Also see: The government took the decision overnight. Now Poles are facing the consequences

Until the Russian aggression towards Ukraine, our market was supplied with pellets from Belarus and to a lesser extent from Ukraine. Now there is a shortage of foreign pellets precisely because of the situation with our eastern neighbors. Prices have doubled since the winter. You currently pay 2.2 to 2.7 thousand for a ton of certified wood pellets. zloty. It is also not immediately available. Sometimes you have to wait about a month for the delivery.

Bargain hunters and private imports

So many people try to look for “opportunities”, which are not lacking because of the difficult market situation. Such purchases do not always have a happy ending. There are many advertisements on the internet offering pellets for half the market price, or even less.

There are tempting announcements on the online fuel exchange from both foreign pellet producers and Polish brokers.

For example, one of Podlasie’s brokers offers pellets at PLN 1,200 per ton. However, you have to go to the border to get pellets. Transport is only offered to the Polish-Belarusian border (economic sanctions apply).

There’s something else this pellet is made of sunflower husk and is not suitable for individual boilers, which are not adapted to such a raw material. Sunflower husk is mainly used in the energy sector.

Another bidder claims to be a Ukrainian pellet producer. It offers this type of fuel for only 120 EUR per tonne (about 570 PLN), but you have to go to Ukraine to get it and buy at least 2 tons, then pay the tax.

Victims of pellet pricing opportunities are beginning to report to the police. Recently, bankier.pl described a case of a resident of the Rycki (Lubelskie) poviat who bought pellets from Ukraine on the Internet because it was offered at a very attractive price. The 41-year-old paid 30 thousand for 24 tons. PLN in advance (1250 PLN per ton). After a transfer to the online “supplier” account, it disappeared in a fog.

According to St. Asp. Agnieszka Marchlak of the district police headquarters in Ryki is not the first such report lately about fraudsters offering cheap fuel. There are many more victims all over Poland.

The European Pellet Council (EPC) is alarming that pellets are being counterfeited across Europe. On the internet you will find a blacklist of pellet producers who have committed various abuses and counterfeits. It is available on the ENplus website.

We got rid of the pacifiers and stayed on the ice

It’s not just bargain hunters who get stuck in the bottle. According to the chairman of the Polish Pellet Council, Adam Sarnaszek, all those who, at the instigation of the government, have given up the use of coal in stoves and switched to more ecological pellet boilers now feel offended by the government.

When granting a new, one-time fuel surcharge of PLN 3,000 PLN, they are omitted. Not only that is the problem. Pellets have a rate of 23 percent. VAT – the highest in Europe. President Sarnaszek emphasizes that it is 8% occupied in most EU countries. VAT rate.

– My older parents had a coal stove, but the government encouraged them to switch to more ecological fuel, so they bought a pellet stove and now they regret it, because “coal poisons” are much better off than they are. They were left with nothing – says Mr Paweł, a former official of the Ministry of Environment from Warsaw.

He adds that he doesn’t understand the arguments of PiS representatives that the subsidies are only for coal, because the poorest use this fuel. – My parents aren’t rich people either. Why were they left out? I don’t understand – he says directly.

Environment Minister Anna Moskwa emphasized during the press conference on Tuesday that the government supports those who they burn coal, because there are simply most of them in the country. According to data from the Ministry of the Environment, houses are heated by more than 40 percent. farms.

They are already burning with brush in the Lublin region

The arguments of the government speak Prof. Piotr Gradziuk of the Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, the Business Modeling Department of the Polish Academy of Sciences, an outstanding biomass expert. He finds the exclusion of those who have switched from coal to other, greener fuels incomprehensible and – as yet – no rational explanation for this.

As emphasized by Prof. Gradziuk, it is not just about omitting those who heat their homes with pellets, but also with other conventional fuels.

In Grabowiec (Lubelskie) straw from nearby fields is used to heat most public buildings.

On the other hand, the local government in Nowa Dęba (Subcarpathian Voivodeship) invested in a boiler in which wood waste and undergrowth. Thanks to the use of these local sources, heating costs are among the lowest in Poland.

Also in Ruda-Huta, one of the poorest villages in the Lublin region, the local government, looking for ways to reduce costs, decided to replace traditional energy sources with ground source heat pumps.

According to Prof. Gradziuk because of the high prices in some pellet boilers, grains are burned after minor adjustmentsif the price fluctuates around PLN 1,000 to PLN 1,4 thousand per ton – (for example, at this price you can now buy oats or winter barley in some regions of the country – ed.).

Prof. Gradziuk pointed to the Ordinance of the Minister of Economic Affairs of February 23, 2010 (Journal of Laws No. 34, item 182), in which the definition of biomass was changed so that cereal grains that do not meet the quality standards can be used for energy purposes in the energy sector.

According to our interlocutor, grains can be burned in individual pellet boilers, this type of fuel is just as energetic as wood pellets.

Minister Anna Moscow made no mention of aid to those switching from coal to other heating fuels during Tuesday’s press conference. So we asked the press service of the Ministry of Environment (Ministry of Environment) whether the government also plans to support those who heat their homes with pellets, gas or other raw materials?

In response to our inquiry, the Ministry’s press spokesperson, Aleksander Brzóska, informed us that: an inter-ministerial team has been appointed to work on an integrated thermal energy solution for individual consumers.

However, he cannot say who will receive this aid from the government and what the rules of this aid will be. Details of the project will be announced in the coming weeks.

Katarzyna Bartman, journalist from money.pl

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