Archaeological works on this site were made possible thanks to an agreement signed at the end of last year between the State Forests and the General Conservator of Monuments. On Wednesday, forest rangers and museologists jointly announced the finds in Bukowa Góra. The megaliths, whose age and destination have not yet been determined, are the most impressive.
A remarkable discovery by archaeologists in Dąbrowa Górnicza. “Such things are not common”
– This discovery is something unique in Central Europe, such things are not common. Scientists believe that megaliths are associated with a place of worship. We also have burials here, which, however, are layered with megaliths, the place of worship is much older – explained the Silesian Provincial Conservator of Monuments Łukasz Konarzewski.
According to him, the archaeological work in Dąbrowa Górnicza is a good example of good cooperation between museum staff and archaeologists and forest rangers. – We have beautiful nature here and preserved megaliths from thousands of years ago. It is a rarity in Central Europe. We prefer to associate megaliths with the northwestern part of the continent, Great Britain, Bretonnia, the west coast of France, Scotland, also Scandinavia – said the curator.
In his opinion, the discovery in Dąbrowa Górnicza is “universal”. – This is not an ethnic discovery; our Polish culture is much younger, it started to take shape in these countries, according to today’s data, around 500 AD. If we have older graves here, it’s related to Hallstatt culture, maybe Lusatian. We don’t know exactly what it was like and where it came from – explained Łukasz Konarzewski.
“This is a revelation on a European scale, and perhaps a global one”
The general manager of the State Forests Józef Kubica admitted that when the forest rangers signed an agreement with the conservator of monuments last December, they had not expected such a large number of finds in Dąbrowa Górnicza, in the forest district of Siewierz.
– It was all covered and now it has seen the light of day. This is a revelation on a European, and perhaps global scale; something wonderful and fantastic. We have finds here of 11 thousand. years BC to the 7th-8th century AD. We definitely have overlapping cultures here. This is a wide field for archaeologists – said director Kubica, who ensures that the forest is not damaged by archaeological works; possible logging, if necessary, can only cover individual trees.
The first work on Bukowa Góra started last summer. An agreement between foresters and the conservator of monuments considerably accelerated all procedures and in June this year it was possible to start excavations on a larger scale. Within a few weeks, the megalithic area was uncovered and recently traces of medieval tombs have been found.
Head of excavations at Bukowa Góra, Dr. hab. Dariusz Rozmus estimates that the oldest traces of human presence in Bukowa Góra date back to about 11 thousand. year before our era – it is the so-called Flint cores around a late Paleolithic mountain, there are also traces from the Neolithic. The period from which the megaliths originate has not yet been determined.
– These are absolutely amazing constructions. The more we discover, incl. thanks to lidar research with the use of a drone, the more we begin to notice certain regularities – reported Dariusz Rozmus, who admitted that he did not believe at first that the stones on Bukowa Góra were not a natural element of the hill, but megaliths, ie they were brought there and arranged by men.
– There are too many for nature itself to place them. We can already see them forming a kind of systems, temporary solutions around the central things seen from above, the archaeologist said, stressing that Góra Bukowa is made of ore dolomite and megaliths are made of diploporous dolomite.
– Certainly, these plates have no connection with the massif of this mountain, ie with what is underground. You can also see traces of stone working – not with metal chisels, but with other tools – added Dr. Dariusz Rozmus.
– Cultures that built megaliths and memories of which exist in Poland, ie 5-6 millennium BC. more precise dating of the find – for example for the culture of globe amphorae or funnel-shaped cup.
The area with megaliths is being adapted to tourist traffic
Dbrowa Górnicza forest rangers and local government officials assure that the area of megaliths will eventually be exposed and adapted to tourist traffic. – The task of the municipality will be to make this place available to visitors after the works are completed – said the vice president of the city, Wojciech Kedzia.
– We are faced with the issue of exposing all this, taking care of it, including the register of monuments and protection – both in terms of nature and culture – was noted by Łukasz Konarzewski, the curator of monuments in Silesia.
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