Bill on the carbon surcharge already in the Sejm

The bill on CO2 emissions was added to the Sejm’s list of legislative works on Tuesday evening. The MPs will start working on it on Wednesday. The government has adopted a draft for a one-time CO2 surcharge, which will be 3,000 zloty. zloty.

  • On Tuesday, the government adopted a draft on a one-time CO2 surcharge, which will rise to 3,000. zloty. During the night, the design was published in the list of works of the Sejm.
  • It is stated as a condition for receiving the CO2 surcharge that the heat source must be registered or registered with the Central Emission Register for Buildings (CEEB).).
  • The application for the CO2 allowance can be submitted to the municipality – until November 30 of this year. The municipality has a maximum of one month to pay out the allowance granted.

On Tuesday, the government adopted a draft on a one-time CO2 surcharge, which will rise to 3,000. zloty. During the night, the design was published in the list of works of the Sejm.

As stated in the draft, a one-time coal surcharge is granted to households whose main source of heat is a solid fuel boiler, fireplace, goat, air heater, kitchen stove, stove, coal stove or solid fuel tile stove – powered by coal, briquettes or pellets containing at least 85% coal .

Who is eligible for the allowance?

If more than one person has applied for the CO2 allowance for a multi-person household, the allowance will be granted to the applicant who was the first to submit such an application.

It is stated as a condition for receiving the CO2 surcharge that registration or notification of the heat source with the Central Emission Register for Buildings (CEEB) is a condition.

The draft assumes that the carbon emissions will be attributed to: persons of Polish nationality residing in the territory of the Republic of Poland; aliens residing in the territory of the Republic of Poland on the basis of: a permanent residence permit, a residence permit for long-term residents of the European Union, a temporary residence permit granted in connection with the circumstances or in connection with the acquisition of refugee status or subsidiary protection .

The municipality pays the money

It was indicated that the application for the CO2 allowance could be submitted to the municipality – until November 30 of this year.

– The municipality has a maximum of one month to pay the allowance granted. We read that the compensation is granted by means of information, without the need for a board decision.

It has been indicated that applications for the payment of the CO2 surcharge submitted after 30 November 2022 will not be processed. It was stated that the carbon allowance was paid within one month of the date of submission of the application.

The authors of the project point out that the analysis of market data indicates that the extremely high prices of coal are mainly influenced by the tense geopolitical situation mainly caused by the Russian aggression on the territory of the Ukrainian state. This led to the imposition of an embargo on coal products imported from the territory of the Russian Federation.

Import from Russia and more

As they recall, in 2021 about 8.3 million tons of coal (energy and coke) were imported to Poland from Russia and Belarus. approx. PLN 370 per ton. Total coal imports in 2021 amounted to about 12.1 million tons and the value was about PLN 5.4 billion (meaning an average price of about PLN 450 per ton, of which the average price from countries other than Russia is about 620 is PLN per tonne).

– This means that in 2021 coal from other directions was on average by almost 70 percent. more expensive than coal from Russia – stated in the justification of the project.

In the first quarter of 2022, approximately 2.2 million tons of coal was imported from Russia and Belarus, out of a total of approximately 3.5 million tons imported during this period. The above data indicates that there will be a significant gap in the Polish carbon balance, which must be filled with coal imported from a source other than Russia. Currently, the cost of importing coal and delivering it to the customer can reach up to $400 per ton, ie about PLN 1,900 per ton.

– Therefore, an extremely important issue is securing sufficient financial resources by heating companies, which are financially affected by changes in the prices of energy resources – the draft is written.

State guarantees

The project assumes, among other things, the introduction of a state guarantee mechanism for obligations arising from bonds or loans entered into on the domestic or foreign market by an entrepreneur whose activity is wholly or largely related to heat generation, and for which a license is required. .

This is to ensure – as indicated – the continuity of the heat supply to consumers for residential or utility purposes, in particular for the purchase and billing of coal fuels.

It was also proposed that Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego should take out loans and issue bonds in the domestic and foreign markets, the funds of which are intended to create a credit line for entrepreneurs who are energy companies, whose activity is wholly or mainly related to the production of heat. subject to obtaining a permit.

The problem of heating companies

It was emphasized that heating companies supply system heat to approximately 6.4 million. households therefore play an extremely important role in ensuring the energy security of the country’s citizens in terms of heat and electricity generated in cogeneration, which accounts for about 17 percent. all electricity produced in Poland.

– Due to the recently observed drastic increases in the prices of energy commodities on the world markets, there are difficulties in securing the financing of fuel purchases by companies whose current revenues are not able to provide sufficient resources for the purchase of coal, especially imported coal coal. Importantly, some enterprises have difficulties in obtaining loans from commercial banks in the field of revolving financing, which enables them to guarantee an adequate level of financial liquidity to meet obligations related to ensuring the continuity of the heat supply in a timely manner – it was written in the preliminary version.

Therefore – as we read – it is proposed to provide a legal guarantee for the obligations arising from the above entities as a result of loans and bonds issued, intended for purposes related to their core business and crucial from the point of view of the functions performed in heating systems. These are mainly costs related to the purchase of fuel (including under import contracts).

It was indicated that the period during which the obligations of the entities mentioned in the law are covered by the guarantee of the Treasury was limited to June 30, 2023 and is closely related to the period for which enterprises will receive payments for heat supplied during heating season 2022/2023 .

The law enters into force on the day following its promulgation.

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