Holiday by car – how do you travel safely? – French.pl – Automotive Journal

Holiday trips are ahead of us. Increased traffic on the roads during this period and usually good weather can put drivers’ vigilance to sleep and over-increase confidence in their own control skills. To properly prepare for your trip and increase your chances of a safe arrival, experts advise you on how to properly prepare for holiday travel.

It is worth remembering that one of the most vulnerable parts of the car to damage is the tires – their incorrect selection and operation is the second most serious fault police officers find in traffic accidents (14.2% of the total ), immediately after the lack of lighting. In addition, tires are the only point of contact between the vehicle and the road – therefore their condition and quality determine whether the car brakes in an emergency and does not skid.

Drivers often underestimate the quality of tires and often “commute” them for the final season. In a situation where a traffic accident occurs due to a bad condition of the tires, the insurer, in accordance with the car body agreement, has the right to refuse or reduce compensation for contributing to the event. – explains Piotr Sarnecki, General Manager of the Polish Tire Industry Association (PZPO).

What should you think about when you go on vacation? Above all, the 3P rule: solid tires, professional service, correct tire pressure.

For packing the car

  1. Let’s check the condition of tires and rims – if we don’t have the right knowledge, leave it to professionals. Professional tire service (preferably with a tire certificate from the Polish Tire Industry Association and TÜV SÜD, available at certoponiarski.pl) thoroughly check the condition of tires and rims. Any mechanical damage, cut, missing rubber compound or cracks increase the risk of an accident. The same applies to the condition of the rims – their damage leads to the so-called knocking – and this translates into a lack of driving comfort and accelerated wear of the suspension components. At highway speeds, the wheel spins at least 1000 times per minute, therefore any imperfections in the condition of the wheels can lead to tragedy on the road.
  2. Check the tread depth – specified by the tire manufacturer in the regulations using the maximum wear indicator. If not, then not less than 1.6mm. However, it must be emphasized that such a height often does not guarantee safe guidance. Therefore, always refer to our tire manufacturer’s recommendations regarding tread depth.
    Therefore, checking the tread for longer journeys should be an integral part of the vehicle check. Check the depth in 3-4 places on the tire tread. Preferably a depth gauge, but it can also be a 5 PLN coin. If the silver rim clearly sticks out after being inserted into the groove of the tread, it’s a sign that you need to equip yourself with a new set before you go. We should also not forget that by driving a few thousand kilometers during the summer holidays, we will consume about 5-10% of the tire kilometers. When it’s on the safe side for the road, we come back with our soul on our shoulder, even with a little rain – adds Piotr Sarnecki, General Manager of the Polish Tire Industry Association (PZPO).
  1. We take care of the stock – spare wheel or temporary spare wheel are also tires whose pressure level must be checked. Especially for further departures it is worth having a fully functional “reserve” and easy access in case of breakdown. The pressure level in the spare wheel is indicated on the side. Let’s remember before we pack the car with holiday luggage.
  2. In the summer we drive on special tires – Driving on winter tires in summer temperatures is dangerous and uneconomical. The soft rubber compound of the tread of winter tires becomes even more plastic at high temperatures. This translates into poorer grip, especially when cornering, and dangerously lengthens the braking distance. TÜV SÜD tests at 23 degrees Celsius showed that a car driving on a wet road with summer tires from a speed of 85 km/h stops 8 meters earlier than on winter tires. These are two lengths of a mid-sized car![1] In addition, the plasticization of the composition of winter tires significantly accelerates their wear and increases fuel consumption.
  3. Don’t forget the brakes! The pre-trip inspection of the vehicle should also take into account the condition of the braking system. The discs and blocks must be of the correct thickness. The brake fluid is also an important element. Many drivers forget that it has hygroscopic properties, ie it absorbs water from the environment, which in turn significantly weakens the operation of the entire system. Remember to change the brake fluid about every 2-3 years and only buy tightly closed containers.[2] According to experts from the Motor Transport Institute (ITS), efficient brakes, with high-quality fluid in the system, reach their full potential after about 0.2 seconds. In practice, this means (assuming that a vehicle traveling at 100 km/h travels a distance of 27 m/s) that braking does not start until 5 meters after the brake has been applied. With a fluid that does not meet the required parameters, the braking distance is increased by up to 7.5 times and the car only starts braking at 35 meters from the moment the brake pedal is pressed!

After packing the car

  1. There’s one more thing we need to do before we leave – check the tire pressure. This is the basic parameter that guarantees safety, tire life and economical driving. Under-inflation causes greater tire deformation and significant resistance – a loss of 0.3 bar means a 6% increase in rolling resistance and at 1 bar – a 30% increase and a few percent more fuel consumption. Using more fuel or energy is one thing. Worse, when driving with under-inflated tires is a great risk of damaging their inner layers while driving. Why is this happening? When the tire is underinflated, the sidewalls of the tire flex more during driving and thus become more warm. During a journey of several hundred kilometers the metal layers of the rubber are separated and such a tire breaks during driving. That’s why it’s so dangerous.

The optimum pressure value set by the car manufacturer is usually found on a sticker, usually on the pillar near the driver’s door or under the fuel filler flap. Before going on vacation, the pressure measurement should be carried out on cold tires on the car with luggage or after driving no more than 2-3 km at a leisurely pace so that the tires do not heat up. – informs Piotr Sarnecki.

Let’s check exactly our car for the trip, especially the tires that are the hardest to endure every trip. At highway speeds, the most popular tire rotates more than 1000 times per minute – it is the quality of the tires, but also their condition that determines road safety. By taking care of the other parts of the vehicle, the safety level for summer driving will be at a high level – adds Piotr Sarnecki.

More information about pzpo.org.pl

OfSource: Genesis PR

[1] https://oponymajamoc.pl/porzadne-opony/

[2] https://tvn24.pl/biznes/z-kraju/its-o-plynach-hamulcowych-czesc-nie-spelnia-norm-ra914839-4504970

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