The government has adopted a draft amendment to the so-called mill act. Now local governments will decide on their construction – Economy

The government passed a draft law amending the Wind Farm Investment Act and some other laws introduced by the Minister of Environmental Protection. The amendment stipulates that new wind farms may only be installed on the basis of the Local Spatial Development Plan.

“The government wants to strengthen the position of local communities with regard to the development of wind energy. The decision on the possibility of locating new investments in the field of onshore wind farms and the release of housing development near these power stations depends on the inhabitants of the surrounding areas” – stated in Tuesday’s communiqué from the Chancellery of the prime minister.

What can the local government decide?

The statement from the Chancellery of the Prime Minister stated that the new regulations guarantee to residents who decide to clear the location of the surrounding areas for the development of new wind infrastructure that the operational safety of this infrastructure is maximized. In addition, investors will have to limit the environmental impact of the plant by using the latest technologies.

The announcement recalled that the basic principle of locating a new wind farm is maintained, according to which such a facility may only be built on the basis of the Local Spatial Development Plan.

Fixed but variable distance limit

However, under the new regulations, the spatial development plan will have a different – than that determined by the 10H rule (i.e. 10 times the total height of the planned wind farm) – distance between the wind farm and the residential building, but with an absolute minimum distance of 500 meters .

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5:10 Szymon Kowalski, Vice-President of the Polish Wind Energy Association, talks about the amendment to the 10H law passed by the government (“Economic Express” Szymon Kowalski, Vice-President of the Polish Wind Energy Association, talks about the amendment of the 10H law passed by the government (“Ekspres Gospodarczy” Błażej Prośniewski PR1)

“The basis for determining the distance from a wind farm to residential buildings will, among other things, be the results of the Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment (SEA) conducted in the context of the SDWP. The SMB analyzes, among other things, the impact of noise emissions on the environment and the health of residents” – stated in the message.

It also added that the minimum absolute safety distance will apply to the placement of new residential buildings in relation to an existing or planned wind farm. There will be a ban on installing wind farms in national parks, nature reserves, landscape parks and Natura 2000 areas. The distance obligation continues to exist for national parks (10H) and nature reserves (500 metres).

How the 10H Limit Was Created

Introduced by the Investments in Wind Farms Act 2016, the so-called The 10H rule introduced a ban on placing wind turbines closer to buildings and certain forms of nature conservation – national parks, reserves, landscape parks, Natura 2000 areas and promotional forest complexes. The ban works both ways, as it also prohibits building residential buildings closer than 10H of existing wind turbines.

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10H is defined as 10 times the total height of the windmill to the highest point reached by the rotating blades.

PR24.pl/PAP/PKJ/PR1/Błażej Prośniewski

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