MKIŚ has published the draft of the new NWMP 2028

The draft of the National Management Plan for Municipal Waste until 2028 has been published. that the processing capacity of the thermal waste treatment plant for 2034 is estimated at 4.2 million Mg per year.



municipal waste, KPGO 2028

The Ministry of Climate and Environment (MKiŚ) has published the draft National Management Plan Municipal Waste 2028 (KPGO 2028). Draft resolution of the Council of Ministers KPGO 2028 with annexes, including: the environmental impact assessment of the plan has been published on the website of the Public Information Bulletin of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage(1)

Identification of waste management problems

This document, as directed by the Ministry, defines a waste management policy in accordance with the hierarchy of waste management methods. † NWMP 2028 contains an analysis of the state of waste management, forecasts of changes in waste generation, objectives and directions of waste management policy activities, and also specifies tasks to be performed by relevant organizational units reporting to the Council of Ministers . – reports the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage.

The document also identified a number of issues in the management of municipal waste, packaging waste, used electrical and electronic equipment, waste oil and end-of-life vehicles.

With regard to municipal waste, it is mainly indicated that there is a high share of mixed waste in all generated municipal waste, insufficient educational activities at the local level on good waste management and the associated insufficient awareness and knowledge of society on good municipal waste management. The problem is also the illegal handling of waste, including the abandonment of waste in places not intended for it, the lack of suitable waste handling infrastructure and the increase in costs associated with municipal waste management. In this regard, the ministry also pointed to “insufficient share of producers in the costs of managing waste from their products” and “a large part of packaging that is difficult to recycle”.

Regarding packaging waste, the main problems were the lack of sufficient capacity of installations for recycling different types of plastics and difficulties in comparing data on the composition of plastic waste from different sources.

Another classification of plastic waste and multi-material materials is used by waste sorting facilities and recyclers, and another classification by institutions conducting waste morphology testing – we are reading.

Recycling rate and other data included in the KPGO 2028 project

NWMP 2028 presents some data on the state of waste management in the country in 2014-2020. According to the latest data (2019), the national level reached a pre-reuse and recycling level of 39%, while the average percentage of municipalities that reached the required recycling rate of 30% for 2018 was 84.4%.

It was also indicated that in 2018 there were Selective Collection Points for Municipal Waste (PSZOK) in Poland in 2018, with 388 municipalities (15.7%) not having this type of installation.

Plan for incinerators

The document indicates that the required processing capacity of the thermal waste treatment plant for 2034 is estimated at 4.2 million Mg per year, while in 2020 2.8 million Mg of waste was thermally converted.

This means that the missing capacities of these installations, taking into account installations currently in the operational phase and 5 installations in the implementation phase, with a total capacity of 2.26 million Mg/year, will be approximately 1.94 million Mg/year. amounts. This potential demand for processing capacity includes cement plants, which currently process approximately 0.96 million Mg of combustible fractions of municipal waste. If the current level of waste co-incineration in cement factories is maintained in the coming years, installations with a total capacity of approximately 1 million Mg/year still have to be realized. – we are reading.

Also read: The National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management has PLN 3 billion for waste incineration plants

However, it was stated that “the percentage of waste from municipal waste treatment in thermal waste treatment processes will change over time and decrease with increasing recycling levels”.

Effects of implementing NWMP 2028

The expected effects of the implementation of the “National Waste Management Plan 2028” will be: reducing waste generation, increasing the amount of waste transferred for recycling, eliminating incorrectly implemented waste management, increasing society’s ecological awareness on waste prevention and good waste management – indicated in the motivation.

Joanna Spiller: journalist, environmental engineer
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footnotes

1 / The KPGO 2028 project with attachments is available here:
https://bip.mos.gov.pl/strategie-plany-programy/krajowy-plan-gospodarki-odpadami/projekt-uchwaly-rady-ministrow-w-sprawie-krajowego-planu-gospodarki-odpadami-2028/

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