When you travel, no one thinks about possible health problems. Meanwhile, Montezuma’s mysterious revenge may be waiting for us just around the corner. Traveler’s diarrhea mainly affects people who travel to Asia, Africa and Latin America. If we don’t take care of prophylaxis, the trip could turn into a disaster.
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Revenge or the curse of the pharaoh, the revenge of the sultan or the revenge of Moctezuma. There are some colloquial terms called an unpleasant holiday sickness – traveler’s diarrhea. The unpleasant condition reaches about 20 – 40 percent. people traveling to risk areas – Central America, South America, South Asia and most of Africa, as well as about 10 – 15 percent. living in the Middle East or in China.
It is important that travelers’ diarrhea should not be equated with classic food poisoning. The cause of Moctezuma’s revenge is another bacterial flora that does not exist on the European continent. The organisms of the inhabitants of Europe do not know the microorganisms found in other parts of the world, which, when the microorganisms enter the digestive system, cause diarrhea.
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The first symptoms of the disease usually appear in tourists about 2-3 days after reaching the destination. Symptoms of acute gastrointestinal infection may be observed in the patient. Among the most common symptoms of Moctezuma’s revenge are:
- diarrhea, which may be bloody or watery
- stomach ache,
- nausea and vomiting
- a fever.
Diarrhea usually lasts about 3 to 4 days. In some, very sporadic cases, it can take longer than a week.
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Children are especially at risk of developing traveler’s diarrhea. For those up to 3 years old, Moctezuma’s revenge has a longer course and a greater degree of severity. It affects as many as 40 percent. going abroad. It is important that in this case there are no special preventive measures. It is important to wash your hands regularly.
Pregnant women should also watch out for ailments during the trip, medication is often avoided. The elderly are also at risk. Seniors often struggle with associated illnesses that can affect the course of traveler’s diarrhea.
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One of the main sources of bacteria that causes traveler’s diarrhea is water. Therefore, it is not recommended to drink tap water. You should also watch out for cold drinks, especially the local lemonade.
Pay more attention to the meals you eat. It’s not worth reaching for raw fruits and vegetables. It is better to peel, burn or cook them. Let’s not be tempted by meals sold on the street.
It is worth remembering about frequent hand washing and adequate hydration. The food recommended abroad is based on easily digestible meals.
We also need to remember to properly equip our first aid kit. It should primarily contain a probiotic that relieves gastrointestinal ailments and helps restore the gut microflora. It is also worth taking coal with you.