“Summer with Radio” with a visit to Tarnów. A city full of history – Jedynka

Without King Władysław Łokietek, then… there would be no Tarnów. – This is the king who allowed Spycimir Leliwita to build this city. Spycimir was an unusual man, for from an ordinary knight he made an astonishing career at the royal court. He also did his job, ie he fought at Płowce, was a diplomat, took part in the Visegrad Congresses and became the voivode of Kraków. He founded the city on the basis of Władysław’s location privilege – says Andrzej Szpunar, an enthusiast and expert in the region.

He knew it was a place at the intersection of two major routes: east-west and north-south. Thanks to this, the city developed by trading with the east through Ruthenia and with the south through Hungary – adds Jedynka’s guest.

In turn, Hetman Jan Tarnowski created a modern – in the sense of the Renaissance – urban center here. – Medieval Tarnów has been transformed into a well-developed city. Introduced ao the whole set of fire regulations. Fires were an accident for the cities of that time, Tarnów also experienced them several times, so the hetman wrote an appropriate instruction and appointed a fire brigade in Tarnów – notes Andrzej Szpunar.

For several months Tarnów was also, as it were, the unofficial capital of Hungary. How did this happen? – There was a dynastic confusion in Hungary, there were several contenders for the throne. One of them, King John Zapolya, felt threatened and decided with hetman Jan Tarnowski to take refuge in Poland, in Tarnów, near the castle. It took six months and from here letters were sent all over Europe. Zapolya sought support to return to Hungary and regain the crown, we hear.

The Fowler Brotherhood defended Tarnów

Tarnów is also known for the Fowler Brotherhood. – The brotherhood has always arisen when the city was founded (…). As the city grew richer, it had to defend itself against various invaders. They were also shooting then, and they started shooting the birds, these birds were called chickens and hence the name Bractwo Kurkowe – Andrzej Sasak and Roman Korczak bring closer.

– In Tarnow Brotherhood of Fowlers existed legally until 1795, until Poland was demolished by the Third Partition. The invaders said, “You are dangerous to us.” They were territorial, not leaving the city walls, but only defending them. So they were dangerous to the invaders because of their military and patriotic preparation – they explain.

Bractwo Kurkowe returned to Tarnów in 1845. The Austrian authorities agreed to reactivate it based on the efforts of the city’s residents. – But they were only allowed to shoot. No permission was given to engage in social and patriotic activities, the guests of the broadcast said. During World War II, when Tarnów was occupied, Bractwo Kurkowe was again liquidated. The next reactivation took place in 1996 and is now located in the Strzelecki Palace.

– We are also filling this historic building in Strzeleckich Park, near the Market Square, with contemporary art – points out Ewa Łączyńska-Widz, adding that here you can now see an exhibition that was recently presented in the Polish Pavilion at Expo 2020 in Dubai .

“Panorama of Transylvania” at the station

How long did Jan Styka paint the “Panorama of Transylvania”? Up to six months. You can see it, or at least its fragments, at the train station in Tarnów. – At the beginning of the 20th century, on the Krakow-Lviv line, a train station was built here, a bit like the one in Lviv. It is one of the most beautiful train stations in Poland – claims Adam Bartosz.

At the station there is a gallery managed by the District Museum in Tarnów, where we can see a permanent exhibition dedicated to the “Panorama of Transylvania”. – The Hungarians asked Jan Styka with the proposal to paint a panorama that would refer to an important red thread in the history of Hungary. A contract was signed with him, which was ultimately not fulfilled. Styka took the panorama from Hungary (…). He took the painting to Warsaw and cut it into pieces.

– Here we have the whole panorama in black and white photography, the parts found are highlighted. So far 42 fragments have been identified – we’ll find out.

Office, museum and…

It turns out that in the town hall in Tarnów there is not only the local office, but also the District Museum. – There are collections and exhibitions with weapons and Sarmatian portraits. There is also a beautiful town hall tower that you can climb (…). Here we have a unique timepiece that has been around for hundreds of years. We also have Tarnów’s horn signal in the town hall tower. We play it every afternoon – reveals Marcin Sobczyk, director of the Culture Department of Tarnów Town Hall.

Maria Zawada-Bilik of the Office for Promotion and Foreign Cooperation adds that the town hall is a showcase of Tarnów. – It is a beautiful building (…). Inside, there are collections of silverware, porcelain, and Sanguszko ceramics, which the museum cares deeply about. There is also the largest collection of Sarmatian portraits in Poland. We also have 14 mascarons, and each of them is different and equally scary, he says.

Nearby there is the Poets’ Bench, which commemorates Zbigniew Herbert, Agnieszka Osiecka and Jan Brzechwa. Tarnów also has the oldest diocesan museum in Poland.

– This is a unique, most beautiful place in Tarnów – notes Fr. Pyotr Pasek. – The first collegiate school from 1400 was located on this site. The high level of education of this unit meant that in the 17th century it was raised to the rank of a branch of the Academy of Krakow (…). Wealthy city dwellers could come to such a school, as well as anyone who expressed a desire to gain knowledge, because it was a parish school – he points out.

Rail and bicycle routes

Marcin Pałach of the Tarnów Tourism Organization recommends visiting the Tarnów area. – Saint Martin’s Mountain is the northernmost part of the Carpathians, stretching all the way to Romania. From Tarnów to the south runs the “Kryniczanka” railway, the most beautiful in Poland and one of the most beautiful in Europe, and along the Velo Biała, a bicycle highway to the south, can be done in a few or decades – he explains.

There are already two routes of this type on the cycling routes near Tarnów – Velo Dunajec and Velo Metropolis, from where we go to Krakow or Zakopane, among others.

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Let’s watch out for the heat

A heat wave has reached Poland, including Tarnów. Among other things, they have to be careful with people who travel through our country. – For such a journey you need to be refreshed. If you don’t have a vehicle equipped with air conditioning, it’s worth making sure you get enough sleep and are fully prepared to respond when needed. This is essential for safe driving. Then we will reach our destination – says Jerzy Mika of the Provincial Road Transport Inspectorate in Krakow.

Jerzy Mika admits that hydration is also essential. – We should replenish these fluids every hour – he adds.

– In Poland we have 30 degrees Celsius in the shade. We have to be careful about what we eat and especially drink. On these hot days, I recommend eating a light fruit diet and drinking it in small sips. If we drink a whole glass or two, only the kidneys start working and we rush to the toilet. But if we drink small sips throughout the day, our intestines absorb water and make it into our cells – says Paweł Galus, who performs morning exercises on Polish radio.

Where is “Summer with Radio” going?

The cult signal “Summer with the Radio”, Polish grandfatherwill be heard in the coming weeks in Uniejów (July 2), Działoszyn (July 9), Ostrołęka (July 16), Myślenice (July 23), Sieradz (August 6), Stegna (August 13), Legnica (August 20) and Jakuszyce (August 27). ANDnot only “Lato z Radio” will play from the picnic studio. During our meetings you can listen to and watch unique music programs from Jedynka, and the youngest and their parents can participate in a special program of the Polish Radio for Children.

“Summer with Radio” broadcast on Polish Radio 1 every day, from Monday to Saturday, 9.00-12.00. Also listen on the website www.latozradiem.pl and in the mobile application “Summer with radio”.

Also read:

Program title: Four Seasons

They ran: Roman Czejarek and Sława Bieńczycka

Guests: Andrzej Szpunar (enthusiast and expert of the region), Andrzej Sasak and Roman Korczak (Bractwo Kurkowe), Ewa Łączyńska-Widz, Adam Bartosz, Marcin Sobczyk (Director of the Culture Department of Tarnów Town Hall), Maria Zawada-Bilik (Promotion and Office of Foreign Cooperation of the Town Hall Tarnow), Fr. Piotr Pasek, Marcin Pałach (Tarnów Tourist Organisation), Jerzy Mika (Provincial Road Transport Inspectorate in Cracow), Paweł Galus (Polish Radio), Agnieszka Kunikowska (Polish Radio), Zbyszek Kozłowski (Polish Children’s Radio)

Release date: June 25, 2022

Time of broadcast: 9.00-12.00


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