reform the EU, monitor its institutions

The participants of the XII Polish Great Project Congress spoke in Warsaw on Saturday about the need to create a body to oversee the institutions of the European Union so that they would adhere to the powers delegated by the member states, and on the specificity of Russia.

A lecturer at the University of Rennes, Anne-Marie Le Pourhiet, who spoke about conflicts between EU law and national law recognized by constitutional courts, recalled that the European Commission has launched proceedings regarding the violation of European law in many countries , including Germany, but “Some countries are being prosecuted, others are treated more leniently” – the European Commission withdraws from some proceedings.

Bertrand Bathieu of the International Association for Constitutional Law spoke of “dialectics” resulting from the reference to common values ​​on the one hand and national values ​​on the other. “We stand for a dialogue between judges, this goes beyond policies subject to a democratic mandate,” he said.

He warned that the realization by Member States’ citizens that “those they elect don’t really have any power”, because this is “elsewhere” – risks creating an “undesirable federal structure” and “insurgency from nations”. against the EU structure”. He added that “European identity is an asset” and not a substitute for national identity.

Economist, lawyer and teacher Markus Kerber from Germany expressed the belief that the CJEU is “no longer a court, but an institution with certain biases that promotes the decisions of the European Commission”, led by the European Commission as the overarching element of European integration. Ursula von der Leyen, president of the European Commission, called “Germany’s fiercest enemy” because in the situation of a dispute between national and EU law over the purchase of bonds by the European Central Bank “initiated proceedings against Germany to prove that she is greater European than German”.

According to Magdalena Bainczyk of the Institute for Western Affairs, “the EU needs to be reformed, but not in the direction proposed by the European Commission and the European Parliament.” She added that – “dressing them in the coat of democratic proposals from EU citizens” – proposals are being made to increase the powers of the European Commission, the European Parliament and the CJEU: the protection of the common market and free trade will also cover education, health protection and crisis response.

“This is when you have to fight for a Europe that meets the needs of, not an artificially created European nation that doesn’t exist,” Bainczyk said. In her view, the European community’s project cannot defend itself by increasing the EU’s powers, but by defining the common interest of all Member States.

“We need an institution that will be the real power and control the European Commission,” Kerber said. He called for a “50-seat senate”, directly elected by the citizens, “whose seat should not be in Brussels”.

According to Bainczyk, changes to the treaties and EU powers are needed. “To do this, we need wise, informed voters who will not be corrupted by the vision of borrowed money that will give generations back,” she said.

The participants of another panel discussed whether Russia is “a problem for the world”. According to the lecturer Wojciech Roszkowski, “the foundations of Russian culture” are Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Lenin and the Bolsheviks, Stalin and Putin, and not the work of poets and writers.

The journalist Grzegorz Górny added to this “Tataromongolian heritage of the Golden Horde”, because of which the inhabitants of the state are subjects, not citizens, the will of the tsar is a law and the Russian language does not know the word “privacy”.

Roszkowski warned against identifying the Orthodox Church with Russia. He added that the orthodoxy invoked by the Russian authorities is “used as a dummy, washed away from all Christian values”.

According to Laure Mandeville of Le Figaro, the fascination with Russia in France “results in part from the appreciation of literature – Dostoevsky and Tolstoy – and the ignorance in the political class of what really lies behind this romantic view of Russia.” She also pointed to the “solidarity of the rich”, of France, that was, and Russia, that remains.

According to Górny, “we are doomed to conflict”. “Russia has the determination to take Ukraine, Ukraine has the determination to defend itself. The question is whether the West is determined to support Ukraine so that it defends itself,” he added. He pointed out that presenting the invasion of Ukraine as a return to the motherland is not just the position of the ruling elite, and that most Russians support Putin, and that Western sanctions do not diminish their support. “We observe the opposite phenomenon, it is difficult to count on a compromise, agreement” – he said.

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