Together for the nature of Warmia and Mazury

The aim of the event is to promote activities, investments and behaviors aimed at a friendly coexistence of man and nature.
Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship is a region of exceptional landscape and natural values, which is distinguished not only in the country, but also in Europe. The beautiful and unique landscape is the result of the activity of the last ice age – the varied terrain has been created, among other things, by frontal moraine mounds, undulating plains of soil moraine, sand and gravel sanders.

Rich hydrological network – next to the main rivers of the region: The lakesDrwęcy and pasłęka – they form smaller rivers, rivers and streams, some of which have an almost mountainous character due to large slopes in the terrain (eg. Elblag Upland† Of the more than 1,000 lakes with an area of ​​more than 1 ha, there is the largest lake in the country – Śniardwy with an area of ​​11,340.40 ha and the longest lake in Poland – Jeziorak with a length of 27,450 m. , including made by means of beavers† The abundance of water and wetlands, the mosaic of habitats, extensive and well-preserved forests (covering almost 1/3 of the area of ​​the voivodeship), the northern location, as well as the low level of industrialization and population, determine the great diversity of flora and fauna in the region.

Variety of species

In Warmia and Mazury there are large species of herbivores, incl. moosered Deerroe deeras well as one of the largest free herds in the country bison, with about 90 individuals. There are also species of large predatory mammals, such as Wolf and Lynx, and numerous representatives of other systematic groups (insectivorous mammals, rodents, lagomorphs, mustelids, canines, bats, etc.). Extremely rich avifauna is represented by about 280 species. Water and swamp birds (laminatedraspberriescormorantseagullsterns), as well as predatory species (incl. sea ​​eaglelittle spotted eagleblack kitered Kiteosprey), whose population in the region is one of the highest in the country. Some of the birds found in Warmia and Masuria can be considered as species characteristic of this region, which is inseparable from the landscape. The number of populations that nest here is important both for the preservation of the national population (grousecranecormorant) and European (white stork† The world of reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates is equally rich.

The vegetation of the Voivodeship is considered the most interesting in the entire lowland part of Poland. It is characterized by both the richness of species and the great diversity. A special feature of the flora of Warmia and Masuria is the presence of a large number of northern species, the so-called post-glacial relics (e.g. northern chamedaphne, cloudberrylow birchblueberry willowraised bog saxifrage), as well as plants characteristic of mountain and submontane regions (eg. ostrich plumegiant ponytailMonkshood bag cakewhite butterbur† An interesting fact is the presence of clusters of steppe vegetation (eg. the pasque flower is open

Man as a threat to the balance

Unfortunately, various aspects of human activity and modern technological achievements pose increasing threats to the surrounding nature. The taking of more and more new areas, pushing the boundaries of urban agglomerations, the development of industry and road infrastructure, as well as the desire to control the forces of nature (for example by regulating rivers) cause a constant transformation of the earth’s surface, loss of land available to plants and animals, fragmentation of their habitats and difficulties in contacting individuals. Habitat loss leads to the disappearance of species and the breaking of relationships between individual components of ecosystems, resulting in a decrease in biodiversity.

We protect what is most valuable

The most valuable parts of nature are subject to various forms of protection. 110 nature reserves have been established in the Voivodeship, some of which are objects of international importance (1 Biosphere Reserve “uknajno Lake”, 4 Ramsar Reserves: “Łuknajno Lake”, “Karaś Lake”, “Lake of the Seven Islands” and ” Drużno Lake”), 8 landscape parks, 71 landscape protected areas, 104 ecological sites, 13 nature and landscape complexes and 1 documentation site. Some species of fauna and flora are legally protected, including under international law (Habitats and Birds Directives). In the protection of rare animal species, the so-called zonal protection of breeding sites and permanent place of occurrence, securing the breeding sites and their immediate surroundings. In the voivodeship, about 750 protection zones have been established for 12 species of birds, mammals and lichens.
The youngest, although 10 years old, form of nature protection is the network of areas Kind 2000† In the Voivodeship, there are 16 Special Protection Areas for Birds (designated for the protection of selected bird species and their habitats) and 44 Sites of Community Importance (designated for the protection of selected natural habitats and plant and animal species other than birds).

Some species of plants and animals, as well as natural habitats, require the maintenance of suitable breeding and feeding areas or habitat conditions, which is achieved through active conservation activities carried out in collaboration with conservation services, forest rangers and non-governmental organizations.
– Nature protection is one of the tasks of the regional directorates of environmental protection – he says Tadeusz Mordasiewicz, Regional Director of Environmental Protection in Olsztyn. – It is carried out through both conservative protection (e.g. in wildlife areas), initiation of active conservation activities (e.g. appropriate mowing of meadow habitats, removal of trees and shrubs from peatlands, construction of small retention facilities, construction of stork platforms). The Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Olsztyn participated as coordinator or co-beneficiary or participated in projects financed from EU funds: “Protecting the population of white storks in the Natura 2000 Ostoja Warmińska area”, “Development of plans for conservation tasks for Natura 2000 areas in Poland”, “Protection of alkaline fens in the young glacial landscape of Northern Poland”, as well as in smaller projects financed by the Provincial Fund for Environmental Protection in Olsztyn or own budget – he adds.

Economic development with respect for nature

For the protection of the environment, it is also important to implement the principles of sustainable development, reconciling the possibility of economic development with respect for nature protection (for example in Natura 2000 sites). Preserving and protecting natural resources in the face of current changes is not an easy task. It requires compromises that save the natural values ​​of the region and at the same time allow its development despite its strict protection, allowing projects to be carried out in the optimal variant, which is most beneficial to the environment and nature. A well-conducted analysis of how a particular investment can be made in an environmentally safe manner makes it possible to determine the conditions for implementation that will ensure compliance with high environmental quality standards in the future. It is important in all cases, but especially important for the effective protection of Natura 2000 areas and other natural areas of value.
– The Natura 2000 network in particular is seen as an investment block, says Tadeusz Mordasiewicz. – With this form of nature protection there is no pre-imposed list of prohibitions that stand in the way of the implementation of the investment. Each project is subject to an individual assessment in terms of the assessment of the impact on the protected objects of a particular Natura 2000 site. The nature and scope of the project, the type of Natura 2000 site and the catalog of the protected objects and identified threats to them are important. If there is no significant negative impact on the conservation objects of a particular Natura 2000 site, the project can be implemented – he adds.

Let’s protect nature every day

Nature is a good that we like to use and use, for example for advertising purposes. However, it must be understood in order to use it skillfully. How well-preserved nature of Warmia and Mazury we pass on to the next generations, depends only on us – the inhabitants of this region.
On the occasion of World Environment Day, it is worth taking even small initiatives: clean the area, plant a tree, go to work by bike, not by car, start separating waste or use ecological bags to contribute to the protection of the environment. Through our daily decisions and behaviors, we create the world we live in.
Masgorzata Krupas
Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Olsztyn

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