Italy, Spain, Croatia. How to enter these countries – Travel

We can expect to learn about the easing of restrictions in other European countries every week. However, the fact that crossing borders is becoming easier should not lull us into vigilance. Each country has different entry rules. Vaccination does not make it possible to cross the border freely everywhere (for example in Italy), and the test made in Poland does not have to be accepted in the country we are going to (for example Croatia).

Updated entry rules are published on the websites of the Polish embassies. We present current information about entering Italy, Spain and Croatia.


From June 7, 2021, travelers to Spain from countries on the list of risk regions (including Poland) must present one of the following documents:

  • Certificate confirming receipt of full COVID-19 vaccine† After administration of the vaccine, at least 14 days should elapse. The certificate must contain the following information: first and last name of the person vaccinated, date of vaccination with indication of last dose taken, type of vaccine received, number of doses taken / indication of complete vaccination, country of vaccination and indication of the institution providing issues the certificate,
  • Certificates of negative test result for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 – Certificates issued 48 hours prior to arrival in Spain are accepted; the types of NAAT tests for detecting coronavirus RNA (e.g. RT-PCR) or antigen tests (included in the common list of rapid antigen tests published by the European Commission on the basis of Council Recommendation 2021 / C 24/01 ) will be recognized.
  • COVID-19 certificates – certificates issued at least 11 days after the first positive result of the NAAT test will be accepted. Certificates expire 180 days after the first positive test result.

Children under the age of 6 do not need to provide any of the above statements.

In addition, all travelers arriving in Spain by air or sea must complete a sanitation form (available at or through the free SPAIN TRAVEL HEALTH-SpTH app). The form generates a QR code to be presented before boarding the aircraft or passenger ship and upon arrival in Spain.


People coming to Italy from the territory of category C countries (including Poland) at least until July 30 this year. are required to:

  • register your arrival on the EU Digital Passenger Locator Form platform
  • shows a certificate of a negative smear test result (molecular or antigenic), performed within 48 hours of crossing the Italian border

Under current Italian regulations, neither vaccination nor passing Covid-19 does not absolve from the obligation to undergo the test. The test does not need to be performed on children under two years of age.

The state of emergency in Italy has been extended until July 31, 2021. This means that the legal framework allowing ad hoc central and local restrictions, depending on the evolution of the epidemiological situation, remains in force. Then Italy is divided into white, yellow, orange and red zones. The decision on assigning a region to a certain zone is made by the Minister of Health on the basis of weekly monitoring.

In the yellow, orange and red zones throughout Italy, there is a curfew from 11 p.m. to 5 p.m. The phasing out of curfews:

  • from June 7 to June 20 in the yellow zone curfew from 24:00 to 05:00.
  • the curfew will be abolished in the yellow zone from June 21.

During the indicated hours, it is only allowed to move for justified reasons related to the work performed, in cases of greater necessity and in emergencies, for example related to health condition. In addition, it is allowed to return to your place of residence/residence.

Also read:
Poland opens its borders. What about checks and quarantine?


From June 2, 2021, people will be allowed to enter Croatia if:

  • show a negative PCR test result not older than 72 hours for SARS-CoV-2 or not older than 48 hours, rapid antigen test (the validity of both tests is counted from the time the test material is collected).
  • they have socertificate of completion of the full vaccination courseif min. 14 days;
  • passed COVID-19 and took the first dose of the vaccine within 6 months from the date you became ill with COVID-19, and the vaccination was carried out within the last 180 days – in this case you must provide a certificate of medical history and a certificate of receipt of the first dose of the vaccine;
  • received the first dose of Pfizer, Moderna, or Gamaleya (Sputnik V) vaccine and it was 22 to 42 days after their intake;
  • have had their first dose of AstraZeneca and it had been 22 to 84 days since they had received it;
  • have had a history of COVID-19 and can confirm this with a medical certificate, with the dates of transmission of the disease or a positive result of the PCR/antigen test performed in the last 6 months, but not later than 11 days, before the planned date of crossing the RCh limit. There is no template for such a certificate.
  • they own EU digital green energy certificate COVID-19;
  • children up to the age of twelve who cross the border with parents/guardians who test negative, are recovering or have a vaccination certificate.

People who do not meet any of the above requirements are required to undergo quarantine (10 days). The quarantine can be reduced after presenting a negative result of the test carried out in Croatia, ie sending to the email address of the border crossing point through which the person entered the territory of Croatia and receiving an appropriate SMS confirmation of the Croatian services.

Also read:
Open borders. Where are you going on holiday?

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