The atmosphere of the fourth planet in the solar system consists mainly of carbon dioxide, which makes up 95% of the total number of planets. of all gases, plus 3 percent. nitrogen, 1.6 percent. argon. In addition, we find small amounts of methane, water, carbon monoxide, some oxygen and other gases. The average temperature is -60 degrees Celsius and we will also encounter numerous sandstorms. The soil has been depleted by the solar wind and is unlikely to be cultivated.
Aside from technical and possibly medico-technical problems, we have another problem that is rarely discussed during the colonization process of Mars. The journey to the neighboring planet will take several months, and assuming we create permanent colonies, future astronauts will likely stay on the alien planet. In adverse conditions, in a small area, without the possibility of returning to Earth. Can a person bear such a psychological burden? Will there be conflicts that make the whole enterprise impossible?
Ask researchers travel psychology to Mars note the contradictory nature of humans, which can cause more problems than technology. When we look at human history, we see a history of conflict and war. So how are we supposed to believe that alien settlements will be completely free of misunderstanding? Despite the development of technology, our behavior, our nature, is still determined by the mechanisms of evolution. Climate is one of the factors influencing this evolution. This is understandable. If we look at our planet, we will see people who differ according to latitude. People who lived in humid equatorial forests had to adapt to different conditions than those in the polar regions.
Paul AM Van Lange, Maria I. Rinderu and Brand J. Bushmanet created the concept Climate, aggression and self-control in humans (TO COLLIDE). It assumes that aggression and human violence are related to latitude and climate. The closer to the equator and thus the warmer the climate, the greater the degree of aggression. The population living in areas at higher latitudes, as a rule, is characterized by a lower degree of aggression.
Although temperatures on Mars are low, settlers will live in artificial bases where conditions are tightly controlled. Characterized by low volatility, the human-friendly temperature above 20 degrees will make the base of Mars comparable to the warmer conditions of our planet. For example, according to the CLASH model, the risk of possible conflicts may increase.
It is likely that food will come from the earth initially, but with time, growing plants will become technically feasible. Livestock farming is more demanding and the earth’s food supply will be inevitable. But what happens in the event of a malfunction? Situations where the transport is delayed or does not arrive for some reason (accident in space, conflict on Earth preventing the shipment of cargo).
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Scientists indicate that altruistic behavior is only possible in closely related communities. In other communities, cooperation is based on mutual benefit or manipulation, and natural selection favors the promotion of selfishness. It should be remembered that the envoys are not selected in terms of genetics, but in terms of knowledge, skills and endurance. People, maybe from different countries, will differ in language, culture, religion, customs. There is a risk of competition, attempts to dominate and the creation of a hierarchy. People are social unitsmaking it natural to form groups that compete with each other. In a situation where all inhabitants will form one group that has no natural competitor, this rivalry can transfer to its own group.
Another problem can be reproduction. Aside from the issue of competition for having a child, potential parenting can result in the inability to perform current duties due to the care of the child. These responsibilities will have to be divided among the rest of the group. You may also need extra help from other people in your care.
You may find it useful cultural evolution† It takes place much faster than biological evolution and we can quickly adapt it to the needs that arise. It includes legal system, exchange of goods, property regulation, among others. Setting certain standards and adjusting to them will help stop selfish and aggressive behavior, reducing the risk of serious conflict.
Religion can play a big role as it motivates charity, altruism, improving relationships, but also has a positive effect on mental and physical health. On one condition. Group members must share our values. Researchers Szocik K., Mazur SK and Lysenko-Ryba K. even suggest the creation of a new Martian religion that would be useful in the pedagogical process for children born on Mars. Growing up there, they would adapt to the prevailing conditions faster than other humans sent from Earth.
Attempts to integrate a group can result in creation new legal standards, the moral system, and over time, the development of the political and economic system will contribute to the effort to become independent from the Earth. While reliance on supplies will initially help bring the situation under control, advances in science could lead to the colony becoming fully independent. We are also faced with the challenge of introducing and enforcing penalties (also remotely), whereby, for example, people are excluded from the group. It may be necessary to assign people to guard inmates and protect the rest of the group. There may be a solution in the form of the death penalty.
colonization of Mars it will certainly be difficult, not only because of the technology, but also because of psychological reasons. Candidates for settlers should be matched with characters, be well trained, so that they can deal with many emotions and overcome difficulties, sometimes supporting each other. With further cooperation, there are more questions than answers, which require a continuous rapid response. The whole experiment could be a huge success and a huge leap into the future, but we may have to face the death of all settlers and resume the discussion of space conquest.