When to vaccinate a dog against rabies? You can also have a cat. The data is alarming, showing a 500 percent increase in pet morbidity

Since the beginning of 2022, 25 animal cases of rabies have been reported in Poland, including in dogs and cats. Symptoms of rabies in a dog include: excessive irritability, aggression, hoarse barking or drooling. Rabies in cats can have similar symptoms, for example, constant meowing, aggressive behavior. World Veterinarians Day is celebrated on April 30 this year under the motto: Not vaccinated? I do not believe! Vaccinate the animal!

Rabies is one of the longest known and most dangerous zoonoses. The National Medical and Veterinary Chamber, citing the Chief Veterinary Inspectorate’s data, states that in 2021 there was a 500 percent increase. cases among pets, and the number of cases among wild animals increased by 1080% compared to 2020.

The situation is so serious that the European Commission, in collaboration with the Chief Veterinary Inspectorate, carried out a special audit in early March and April this year, checking current activities related to disease control and its prevention in Poland, reports the National Medical and Veterinary Chamber.

In accordance with applicable law, dog owners are required to vaccinate them against rabies within 30 days from the day the animal is 3 months oldand then at least every 12 months from the date of the last vaccination.

However, vaccinating cats is not mandatory, taking into account the risk of infection, especially in those voivodeships where cases of rabies have been reported this year, for reasons of safety and security. they are worth vaccinating† Outdoor cats are often out of their owners’ control and especially vulnerable to contact with sick animals, so can become a source of rabies for humans. observes the Chief Veterinary Officer

The National Medical and Veterinary Chamber states that: data from individual provinces is so alarming that some of them have been ordered to vaccinate domestic cats. CVO: Vaccination order for cats against rabies applies in the rabies risk area in Mazowieckie Voivodeship and in Opolski, Puławy, Rycki and Łuków poviats in Lubelskie Voivodeship

Rabies is a deadly disease that kills about 60,000 people annually, according to WHO data, mainly in Asia and Africa. The Chief Sanitary Inspector explains that the virus is transmitted through the saliva of a sick animal. Human infection occurs through animal bites or direct contact (usually mucous membranes, damaged skin) with the saliva of infected animals.

Symptoms of Rabies in Humans

  • headache,
  • a fever,
  • nausea,
  • anxiety,
  • tension,
  • swelling of the skin around the bite site.

This is followed by muscle paralysis and coma. A hallmark symptom of rabies in humans is hydrophobia and photophobia† Importantly, the incubation period can be 3-8 weeks (or longer).

GLW: Rabies is a contagious viral disease of mammals (including humans) that affects the central nervous system and is almost always fatal.

A sick animal can become aggressive, it does not feel fear of people, which can lead to a bite. A person who has been bitten by a sick animal can therefore be referred for post-exposure vaccination it is important to report any contact with a suspicious animal quickly to the local competent: Poviat Veterinary Inspectorate and Poviat Sanitary and Epidemiological Station.

Symptoms of rabies in dogs, cats, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, horses and wild animals can be found in the gallery:

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New cases of rabies in animals in Poland. It’s deadly…

The incubation period for rabies ranges from a few days to several months. Rabies virus is sensitive to heat and sunlight, but at the same time is very resistant to cold temperatures. In Poland, the red fox is the reservoir of rabies.

Not vaccinated? I do not believe! Vaccinate the animal! – under this slogan, the celebration of World Animal Vaccination Day will begin in Poland this year, combined with European Vaccination Week and World Veterinarians Day. Settings such as:

  • National Chamber of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine,
  • Polish Association of Veterinarians for Small Animals
  • Polish Association of Manufacturers and Importers of Veterinary Medicines POLPROWET.

As explained by the drug. veterinarian. Marek Mastalerek, President of the National Chamber of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, it is the mass vaccination against rabies, wild animals and pets that significantly reduces the incidence of this deadly disease for humans and animals.

– For 30 years, wild animal vaccination has nearly eliminated the incidence of rabies every year. The last fatal case of the disease among humans occurred more than 20 years ago – adds Mastalerek.

Archery bow. veterinarian. Andrzej Lisowski, President of the Polish Association of Veterinarians for Small Animals: – Despite the enormous development of knowledge about many infectious diseases in humans and animals, veterinarians observe the development of the most dangerous pandemic in the 21st century caused by the virus “dilettantism”which kills more people and animals than other infectious factors.

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– This virus infects people who “immunity” missing due to a lack of basic biological knowledge at primary school level. It is spreading thanks to widespread access to social media, in which this “virus” multiplies and the next hundreds, thousands, or tens of thousands “sensitive organisms” infects. The only “vaccine” to prevent the spread of this virus is the spread of reliable knowledge among the general public. This goal is served by the campaign with the involvement of the Polish Association of Doctors for Small Animals.

We hope that most pet owners will be convinced that vaccinating our students is worthwhile, because only in this way can we save their lives and ourselves – concludes Dr. Lisowski.

Radosław Knap, Secretary General of the association POLPROWET, notes that this year’s campaign, culminating in World Veterinarians Day on April 30, is an important element in health prevention, which is part of the strategy of the European organization AnimalhealthEurope to promote the idea of ​​#JednednoZdrowie.

– We organized a joint action entitled “Not vaccinated? I do not believe! Vaccinate the animal!” was intended to show the role of animal vaccination as a socially important topic. As evidenced by the reactions of users of social networking sites, it is necessary and will certainly continue in the coming years, explains Radosław Knap.

– The daily work of veterinarians ensures the safety and health of not only our pets, but also ourselves. – On World Veterinary Day, it is worth noting that people professionally involved in veterinary medicine work not only in clinics, kennels, zoos, shelters, but also in inspections and offices, as well as in universities, laboratories and many pharmaceutical companies. Regardless of the workplace, they are united by their desire to ensure the welfare and health of animals, which translates directly into the guarantee of human health – summarize Radosław Knap.

Sources: Head of Veterinary Inspectorate, GIS

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