There are many households in Poland that have their own water intake. It is a very convenient solution and above all it ensures self-sufficiency. There is only one snag. Water from a domestic well bypassed the water supply and is therefore not treated for consumption in any way.
Water treatment by water and sewage companies does not apply to water from wells, the so-called raw water. Pathogenic microorganisms, bacteria or parasites may be present therein. This is related to the risk of water pollution, for example from animal excrement.
Colon bacilli, for example, are harmless bacteria that live in the intestines of humans and animals. However, if they get into other organs, which is inevitable if you drink contaminated water, they can be very dangerous and cause serious illness.
Therefore, the water should be tested at least once a year to ensure that the measures and safeguards used are effective and, above all, that the water is suitable for consumption.
Protection against bacteria
It is good to start the water treatment from a domestic well with the first, basic step, namely the removal of bacteriological contamination. This is one of the biggest threats with a very large and direct impact on health.
One of the methods of getting rid of bacteria is the use of chlorine dioxide. Protection against bacteria (including Legionella) can be provided by chlorine generators or tablets, which are a concentrate of free chlorine. Chlorination is a method that not everyone will like, because of the taste and smell of chlorinated water.
In this case, you can use germicidal lamps that emit UV rays. The radiation directly affects the cells of bacteria and viruses, destroying their genetic material. Bacteria do not reproduce and over time they are completely destroyed.
However, not everyone will like chlorination because of the taste of chlorinated water. Not everyone can smell chlorine in the liquid, but the specific taste of chlorinated water can be challenging for sensitive noses and palate. Another option is therefore to install special germicidal lamps. The equipment emits UV rays (ultraviolet light) that remove harmful germs. The radiation directly affects the cells of bacteria or viruses and destroys their genetic material. Bacteria stop multiplying and over time they cease to exist.
Nets and grids
Water treatment in home intakes also includes the removal of mechanical impurities. Sand, silt and organic and inorganic substances are deposited in the wells. Special deep-well filters remove all mechanical debris.
A common way to protect against larger debris such as rocks, branches, leaves or other obstacles is to use grids and nets.
Reverse osmosis filters are one of the most effective methods of water treatment and purification. They not only demineralize it, but also remove harmful bacteria, viruses and pathogens from it. Reverse osmosis filters do not require the use of chemicals.
Reverse osmosis filters trap mechanical impurities that are difficult to see with the naked eye. They mainly consist of a semi-permeable osmotic membrane that acts like a fine sieve.
As a result of the naturally occurring osmosis process, solutions of higher concentration pass from one side of the membrane to the other, flowing through the membrane. As a result, the concentration of water is lower, and it is also remembered 98%. harmful substances, including bacteria, viruses, antibiotics, fluorides, cysts, hormones† or microbes.
A common problem is the presence of iron and manganese in the water. Groundwater can be rich in such elements and there is nothing unusual about it. Unfortunately, high levels of iron or manganese can affect the color, taste and properties of the water. The water can then take on a yellow or brown color, as well as a distinct, metallic taste.
In a situation where we are dealing with a high concentration of elements, we speak of a high water hardness and with hard water there is a risk of faster wear of water and heating systems. Washing machines or dishwashers with hard water will certainly have a shorter life and wear out faster. Water softening with the help of special filters can extend the service life not only of household appliances, but also of any installation in which water flows from the well.
Water treatment at the right level
Wells, ie home shots that are a source of drinking water, should be handled appropriately. However, the method of treating water from such a source should not be chosen too hastily.
In the beginning, it is worth doing a test, preferably in a sanitary and epidemiological station or another laboratory specializing in water testing. With the results of such research, it is easier to choose a specific method of water treatment from your own source.